Naturalization or Citizenship
Naturalization is the process by which a non-U.S. citizen becomes a U.S. citizen. To become a naturalized U.S. citizen, an individual must meet certain eligibility requirements and go through an application process that includes an interview, an English and civics test, and a background check.
To be eligible for naturalization, an individual must have had lawful permanent resident status (a green card) for a certain amount of time, usually five years (or three years if they are married to a U.S. citizen). They must also meet other requirements, such as being able to speak, read, and write English, and having a basic knowledge of U.S. history and government.
During the naturalization process, an individual must complete and submit Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, and attend a biometrics appointment to provide fingerprints and a photograph. They will also attend an interview with a USCIS officer, during which they will be asked questions about their application and their background. They must also pass an English and civics test.
If the individual’s naturalization application is approved, they will attend a naturalization ceremony where they will take an oath of allegiance to the United States and receive their Certificate of Naturalization, which is proof of their U.S. citizenship.
U.S. citizens have many rights and privileges, including the right to vote in federal elections, the ability to sponsor family members for immigration, and the ability to travel with a U.S. passport. They also have certain responsibilities, such as paying taxes and serving on a jury if called upon.
It is important to note that not all non-U.S. citizens are eligible for naturalization, and the naturalization process can be complex and time-consuming. Individuals who are interested in becoming U.S. citizens should consult with an immigration attorney or a qualified legal professional for guidance and advice.